BRIGG 2012/4: The European Union in the Arctic: A Pole Position?
With temperatures in the Arctic rising at twice the pace of anywhere else in the world, the European Union (EU) decided in 2008 to begin formulating an overall Arctic policy tackling maritime, environmental, energy and transport challenges. This attempt to draft a comprehensive policy on a topic that the EU had rarely touched upon unavoidably ran up against other existing strategies from Arctic and non-Arctic states. Against this background, this paper examines whether the EUís current Arctic policy is conducive to framing a strategy that is both correctly targeted and flexible enough to represent Europeís interests. It shows that the EUís approach can serve as an effective foreign policy tool to establish the Unionís legitimacy as an Arctic player. However, the EUís Arctic policy is still underestimating its potential to find common grounds with the strategic partners Russia and China. A properly targeted Arctic policy could help influence Russia over the EUís interests in the Northern Sea Route and strengthen cooperation with China in an endeavour to gain recognition as relevant Arctic players.
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